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小而精致的汉俑 Figurines of The Han Dynasty - Smaller but Artistically Better

http://www.chinesecio.com 2011年02月18日 07:25 网络孔子学院

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汉代皇帝陵园中随葬的陶 群,总体数量虽没有减少,但形体 尺寸 却大为缩小,再也看不到如 俑那般高大如真人的俑像了。


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Given the destitution of the country and the people, it won't be difficult to understand why figurines of the Han Dynasty, though in huge numbers, are much smaller in size.

汉俑形体虽小,但其造型 艺术 比秦俑有了很大的提高。阳陵男俑的许多头部造型已相当细腻,脸庞的轮廓、五官的布置乃至不同个体的面部表情 ,都被准确而传神地表现出来。俑的形体方面,霸陵窦皇后丛葬坑出土 的女侍俑制作精致 ,姿态或立或坐,躯体线条流畅优美,颇显人物仪态之端庄,不再有秦俑造型呆板之感。
Though much smaller in size, Han Dynasty figurines are artistically better. Vivid facial expressions characterize those from the tomb of Emperor Jing. Figurines of maidservants from the tomb of Queen Dou, either standing or sitting, feature delicate lines characteristic of feminine beauty, unlike those from Emperor Shi Huang's tomb, of which most stand in rigid attention.

汉俑的小巧和精致还表现在俑所持的各类器具上。阳陵汉俑手持的矛、戟、剑、弩机、箭镞等兵器 ,以及凿、锯、锛等生产生活 用具 ,都是用铁或青铜制作,尺寸大致是原实物的1/3,与俑的体高比例 吻合,且做工极为精致。如一陶俑所携铜钱,直径不及1厘米,但圆轮方孔,面文突起,“半两”二字清晰可辨。
Also worth mentioning are weapons and tools held by Han dynasty figurine in their hands - spears, halberds, swords, crossbows and arrows, as well saws, adzes and chisels, all featuring excellent workmanship. These are made of either bronze or iron, and are about one third of the size of the real things. One figurine has a copper coin less than one centimeter in diameter. Small as it is, the two Chinese characters indicating its face value are clearly discernible.

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