首页 > 珍宝频道 > 学汉语 > 夏鼎传奇 Story About Nine Legendary Tripods

夏鼎传奇 Story About Nine Legendary Tripods

http://www.chinesecio.com 2010年09月16日 07:30 网络孔子学院

字号:

公元 前219年,秦始皇派遣上千人到安徽彭城边的泗水,去打捞传说中沉在水底的九件大铜鼎。据说这些铜鼎是中国 历史 上第一个国家政权—— 王朝于公元前2200 年铸造的,在夏、 、周三朝代代相传。


听读练习Listening and Reading
音频下载 Download
In 219 BC, Emperor Shi Huang of the Qin Dynasty sent a task force of more than 1,000 people to salvage nine tripods said to have sunk to the bottom of the Sishui River nearly Pengcheng City in what is now Anhui Province, east China. Legend goes that the nine tripods had been produced on order of the monarch of the Xia Dynasty, the very first political regime set up in the country, as the collective symbol of state power, and were passed down to the succeeding dynasties, the Shang and Zhou. From this legend stems the Chinese proverb "fighting for the nine tripods", meaning "fighting for control of entire China".

中国古代 成语 中有“问鼎中原 ”一词,来源于《左传》宣公三年(前606年)的一段记载 春秋 (前770-前476)时,楚王率军征伐陆浑之戎,在东周的边界陈兵示威。周定王派王孙满任使者,慰劳楚王,但楚王却一个劲儿地询问那九件传国大鼎的重量。因为鼎在当时是国家权力的象征 ,后来就称那些企图觊觎政权、篡夺天下的人有“问鼎之心”。东周灭亡后,九鼎被秦始皇下令迁往秦国,途中落于泗水之中。秦始皇虽费千人之力,却并未找到九鼎。富有传奇色彩的夏鼎,始终没有重现人间,只在汉代画像石和画像砖上留下了“泗水捞鼎”的故事
According to Zuo Zhuan, a historical record covering the period from 722 BC to 406 BC, armies of the Chu State went on a punitive expedition in 606 BC against a rebellious tribe under the jurisdiction of the East Zhou Dynasty that kept the nine tripods. At the border of the East Zhou, the king of the Chu kept asking an envoy from the East Zhou about the weight of the tripods. The story, too, has been passed down from generation to generation. When referring to a careerist bent on seizing the supreme power of the state, people would say the guy "intends to seize the nine tripods". Now let's continue with the story about Emperor Shi Huang. After the East Zhou collapsed, the emperor, who was then king of the Qin State, ordered transport of the nine tripods to his capital. Unfortunately, the boat that carried the tripods sank while sailing across the Sishui River. The nine tripods were never salvaged, but the story about Emperor Shi Huang's effort to have them are told in stone and brick carvings in tombs of the Han Dynasty that succeeded the Qin.

  Next Page for Vocabulary